Semi-truck accidents frequently cause certain types of injuries that are life changing. Specific types of injuries are often the result of a semi-truck accident. Regardless if it is a semi-truck, work truck, or big rig, the size of the vehicle is relatively comparable. The vast size of the vehicle creates significantly more force than a normal car accident. The body is only prepared to handle a certain amount of force, and due to the significantly larger amounts of force on the body in a semi-truck accident, these are a few of the types of injuries that regularly occur:
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Retinal Detachment
- Nerve Damage
Traumatic Brain Injury- This is a type of head injury that occurs after significant trauma to the head. The trauma does not need to cause a concussion, however a concussion is also quite common. If there is significant force that is applied to the head or significant force that is applied to the body, when the head stays still, this type of injury can lead to a traumatic brain injury. Loss of consciousness is not required to have a traumatic brain injury.
These do not often show up on CT scans or MRIs, and doctors have difficulty diagnosing these injuries. They are widely considered to be the most under-diagnosed injury in the United States.
Retinal Detachment- When there is significant head trauma, as often associated with a semi-truck accident, retinal detachment is a common injury. A thin layer of the back of your eye is responsible for your vision. This layer takes visual sensory information and is responsible for passing that information up the optic nerve and to the brain to interpret. When there is trauma to this layer, it can come off, and requires immediate surgical intervention. Even with surgery, sometimes the eyes can have permanent vision changes or even permanent blindness.
Vitreous Hemorrhage – The eyes contain clear jelly fluid that keeps them in their proper shape. This is known as vitreous humor. This fluid can get ruptured, or have blood vessels bleed into this clear fluid. This changes the ability for an injured person to see clearly and again can cause permanent changes or blindness.
Optic Nerve Damage– Head injuries often will cause damage to the optic nerve, because of the raised pressure within the skull. The pressure on the skull can put pressure on the optic nerve, which can restrict blood flow to the optic nerve, and lead to impaired vision or blindness.